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{"id":4311197220900,"title":"Reef Nutrition ClorAm-X®","handle":"cloram-x®","description":"\u003cdiv id=\"content-info\" class=\"tab-content\"\u003e\n\u003ch1 class=\"rnd-sm-prod-image02\"\u003eAmmonia and Chlorine Neutralizer\u003c\/h1\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X is a dry powder water conditioner that detoxifies and removes ammonia, chlorine and chloramines in both fresh and salt water.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"clear-right\"\u003eClorAm-X is manufactured by AquaScience Research Group (ARG). Reed Mariculture is a distributor of ARG products.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X should be used:\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003col\u003e\n\u003cli\u003ewhen conditioning new water for aquariums, tanks, ponds, and live-haul containers,\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eafter or during water additions,\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003ebefore adding new plants, invertebrates, fishes or amphibians to an existing aquarium, tank, or pond, and\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eto live-haul containers, during transportation of live fishes, amphibians, or aquatic invertebrates, to control and eliminate ammonia in the shipping water.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eto control ammonia in rotifer cultures.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ol\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eTo remove solid waste and detritus from rotifer cultures, use\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/reefnutrition.com\/product_rotifer_floss.php\"\u003erotifer floss\u003c\/a\u003e.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X is safer. You can over-dose 10x the recommended dosage amount safely\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X is the ONLY ammonia remover that has an\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eFDA letter of determination\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X is cheaper to use.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X can be used in any water temperature above 32 degree's F (0 C)\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X has no smell and is colorless in solution\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eCan be combined with antibiotics and anesthetics\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eTested with fish, shrimp, shellfish, aquatic invertebrate\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eIncrease rotifer production by up to 40%\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eShip live animals without toxic ammonia problems for 72+ hours\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X is used around the world for bulk live transport of fish, shrimp, and shellfish. By reducing the amount of free ammonia in the water transportation times can be significantly longer without injury to the animals. ClorAm-X can be added to the media when shipping any type of live organism to reduce stress and increase survival rates. We add ClorAm-X to our\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003elive rotifer shipments\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eand have survival up to 14 days.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eBiofilter Replacement \/ Enhancement\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X can completely replace the biofilter in a 90% recirculating system. It can be used to enhance biofiltration in any system since it will not disrupt the natural biofilter.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eIncreased Productivity\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eAmmonia toxicity is one of the biggest challenges with intensive cultures such as rotifer production. Rotifers have a very high metabolism and produce a lot of waste which change into ammonia and can quickly reach toxic levels. We use ClorAm-X in our rotifer grow-out tanks and achieve up to a 40% increase in productivity.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eUse with Other Chemicals\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X should not be added to water containing active therapeutic dosages of dyes such as methylene blue, acriflavine or malachite green. ClorAm-X will interfere with their performance. ClorAm-X in combination with these products will not result in toxic chemical by-products.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv id=\"footer\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv id=\"content-use\" class=\"tab-content\"\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eDirections\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eFor 1 ppm (1mg\/L) total ammonia, add 31 mg of ClorAm-X per liter or 120.7 mg of ClorAm-X per gallon.\u003cbr\u003eEnter values in the table below to calculate the amount of ClorAm-X to use for specific volumes of water.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eFish Food Use\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X may be used on fishes intended for human consumption. The United States Food \u0026amp; Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that the use of the chemical that constitutes ClorAm-X (sodium hydroxymethanesulfonate) in water with fishes, intended for human consumption, does not come under FDA jurisdiction.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClick here for a pdf of the FDA's  \"letter of determination\"\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eUse with Shellfish\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eAs with fishes intended for human consumption, ClorAm-X may be used on shellfish intended for human consumption. In the\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eFDA's \"letter of determination\", the agency states  that the use of the chemical that constitutes ClorAm-X, in water with aquatic invertebrates (e.g. lobsters, shrimp, crabs, clams, oysters) intended for human consumption, does not come under FDA jurisdiction. Our double blind toxicology studies were conducted on\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eHomarus americanus\u003c\/em\u003e, American lobsters, by Dr. Paul Cheung of the Osborne Marine Institute (Brooklyn, NY) and by Leberco Laboratories (NJ). The results of these studies were a part of the materials submitted to the FDA when we requested a determination of the product's legal status with regard to its use on aquatic animals intended for human consumption. For a copy of the FDA's  \"letter of determination\" please write or fax us.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eMARINE INVERTEBRATES:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eDuring the development of ClorAm-X, successful shipping tests were conducted with a wide variety of marine invertebrates: shrimp (e.g. penaeids and\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eStenopus hispidus\u003c\/em\u003e),\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eOctopus bimaculoides\u003c\/em\u003e, American lobster,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eTurbo\u003c\/em\u003e  and\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eConus\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003esnails,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eAplysia\u003c\/em\u003e, various squid species, tropical and cold-water sea stars and sea cucumbers,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eMetridium\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eand\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eCondylactis\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eanemones, and hermatypic corals (e.g.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eTrachyphyllia geoffroyi\u003c\/em\u003e). Additionally, over the years that ClorAm-X has been on the market, it has been used commercially by soft-shell crab distributors to prevent ammonia accumulation during the period the crabs are held before and during their molting.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFRESHWATER INVERTEBRATES:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClorAm-X has also been extensively tested with freshwater mollusks and crustaceans. These have included species of snails, shrimp and crayfish. The product is routinely used for ammonia control in the shipments of both freshwater and marine invertebrates intended for the aquarium and bait trades.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eLIVE FISH FOODS:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClorAm-X is routinely used in the packaging and shipping of live aquatic invertebrates sold as live fish feeds. Brine shrimp (\u003cem\u003eArtemia\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp. ), glassworms, bloodworms, blackworms,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eDaphnia\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp. , etc. , have been, and currently, are being held, shipped and packaged in water treated with ClorAm-X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eAcademic and Research Use\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is used extensively by researchers doing remote field research where the collection, holding and transportation of live fish and invertebrate specimens is both necessary and difficult. When  collected animals are held in water treated with ClorAm-X the effects of ammonia are eliminated. When used in shipping water the effects of ammonia and shipping stress are eliminated or mitigated. For shipping, the used of breathable bags greatly enhances the survivability (during and after shipping) of both fishes and invertebrates. For more information on the use of ClorAm-X on collecting expeditions please contact our scientific staff.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eContraindications\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is not a medication, chemotherapeutic agent nor an economic poison and is not indicated for the treatment or control of any specific or general disease condition in aquarium organisms nor for the control of any pests.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eIf used to remove large concentrations of ammonia (\u0026gt;1.0 mg\/L as Nh2) in water with little (\u0026lt;50 mg\/L as CaCO3) or no alkalinity the pH should be monitored. If the pH declines (by more than 0.3 units) simply add sufficient sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) to boost both the pH and the alkalinity.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eStability\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is stable for an indefinite period if kept in its original container. ClorAm-X should be kept dry, but if the powder forms lumps from having been exposed to humid air, the lumps can be pulverized, as necessary, and the product can be used as before. Do not return unused portions to the original container; do not introduce any water or other chemicals into the container.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eCompatiblities\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH OTHER WATER ADDITIVES:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClorAm-X is compatible with most other water conditioners. It is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents such as potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and its solutions. Due to its ability to reduce certain dyes ClorAm-X should not be used with treatments containing malachite green or methylene blue or related dyes. ClorAm-X is compatible with most antibiotics. ClorAm-X can be added directly to recirculating systems with active biological filtration; it will not interfere with, nor short-circuit, the nitrification process.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH TEST KITS:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eWater treated with ClorAm-X will give false (high), off-scale readings with ammonia test kits that use Nessler's reagents. Water treated with ClorAm-X is compatible with most salicylate and phenol\/hypochlorite test kits. Contact AquaScience if there is a question about ammonia test kit compatibilities.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWater treated with ClorAm-X is compatible with all known nitrite and low-range nitrate test kits.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWater treated with ClorAm-X is incompatible with Winkler and modified Winkler dissolved oxygen (DO) test kits. These kits will give false, low, or zero, readings. However, water treated with ClorAm-X is compatible with indigo\/carmine dissolved oxygen test kits and with dissolved oxygen meters.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH COLORIMETERS:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eRefer to the information above about test kit reagent compatibility. AquaScience has valuable information about ammonia testing using colorimeters and methods which require the use of a blank determination; please contact us for details.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH ELECTRONIC METERS AND ISE'S:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eWhen testing treated water with an ammonia ion-specific electrode (ISE) and electronic meter omit the step where 10\u003cem\u003eN\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003esodium hydroxide solution is added. Instead, dilute the electrode's picric acid filling solution with deionized water (to increase the electrode's sensitivity) at a ratio of 1 (filling solution) : 9 (deionized water), by volume, and measure the free ammonia directly. Refer to available charts to calculate the total ammonia from the free ammonia value determined and the known temperature, pH and salinity. Contact AquaScience for more information about how to do measurements with an ammonia ISE in water treated with ClorAm-X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eToxicites\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is not known to be toxic to any fishes, amphibians, aquatic invertebrates or aquatic plants.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSolutions containing approximately 21% ClorAm-X have been shown to be nontoxic and nonirritating to humans. Acute mammalian toxicity tests were performed on rats and skin and eye irritation (Draize tests) were performed on rabbits. The tested solutions of ClorAm-X were found to be nontoxic at oral doses of 5,000 mg\/Kg or less.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eDouble blind toxicities studies were performed on American lobsters to determine if toxic metabolites accumulated in the edible tissues of the lobsters. No significant differences were found, in aqueous and ether extracts of the lobsters' edible tissue, between exposed and unexposed (control) animals.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003ePackaging\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is packaged in two convenient sizes: 5 lb and 10 lb tubs.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv id=\"footer\"\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e","published_at":"2019-10-25T10:03:29-05:00","created_at":"2019-10-25T10:18:55-05:00","vendor":"Reef Nutrition","type":"Additives \u0026 Supplements","tags":["Ammonia and Chlorine Neutralizer"],"price":1199,"price_min":1199,"price_max":7099,"available":true,"price_varies":true,"compare_at_price":null,"compare_at_price_min":0,"compare_at_price_max":0,"compare_at_price_varies":false,"variants":[{"id":30996331954212,"title":"1 lbs","option1":"1 lbs","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"CLRMX-1","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":13293137428516,"product_id":4311197220900,"position":1,"created_at":"2019-10-25T10:18:55-05:00","updated_at":"2020-02-24T23:00:45-06:00","alt":"ClorAm-X® - Corals Fish and Beyond","width":1000,"height":1009,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1582606845","variant_ids":[30996331954212,30996331986980,30996332019748]},"available":true,"name":"Reef Nutrition ClorAm-X® - 1 lbs","public_title":"1 lbs","options":["1 lbs"],"price":1199,"weight":454,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_management":"shopify","barcode":"","featured_media":{"alt":"ClorAm-X® - Corals Fish and Beyond","id":5458511593508,"position":1,"preview_image":{"aspect_ratio":0.991,"height":1009,"width":1000,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1572016735"}}},{"id":30996331986980,"title":"5 lbs","option1":"5 lbs","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"CLRMX-5","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":13293137428516,"product_id":4311197220900,"position":1,"created_at":"2019-10-25T10:18:55-05:00","updated_at":"2020-02-24T23:00:45-06:00","alt":"ClorAm-X® - Corals Fish and Beyond","width":1000,"height":1009,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1582606845","variant_ids":[30996331954212,30996331986980,30996332019748]},"available":true,"name":"Reef Nutrition ClorAm-X® - 5 lbs","public_title":"5 lbs","options":["5 lbs"],"price":4099,"weight":2268,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_management":"shopify","barcode":"","featured_media":{"alt":"ClorAm-X® - Corals Fish and Beyond","id":5458511593508,"position":1,"preview_image":{"aspect_ratio":0.991,"height":1009,"width":1000,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1572016735"}}},{"id":30996332019748,"title":"10 lbs","option1":"10 lbs","option2":null,"option3":null,"sku":"CLRMX-10","requires_shipping":true,"taxable":true,"featured_image":{"id":13293137428516,"product_id":4311197220900,"position":1,"created_at":"2019-10-25T10:18:55-05:00","updated_at":"2020-02-24T23:00:45-06:00","alt":"ClorAm-X® - Corals Fish and Beyond","width":1000,"height":1009,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1582606845","variant_ids":[30996331954212,30996331986980,30996332019748]},"available":true,"name":"Reef Nutrition ClorAm-X® - 10 lbs","public_title":"10 lbs","options":["10 lbs"],"price":7099,"weight":4536,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_management":"shopify","barcode":"","featured_media":{"alt":"ClorAm-X® - Corals Fish and Beyond","id":5458511593508,"position":1,"preview_image":{"aspect_ratio":0.991,"height":1009,"width":1000,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1572016735"}}}],"images":["\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1582606845"],"featured_image":"\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1582606845","options":["Size"],"media":[{"alt":"ClorAm-X® - Corals Fish and Beyond","id":5458511593508,"position":1,"preview_image":{"aspect_ratio":0.991,"height":1009,"width":1000,"src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1572016735"},"aspect_ratio":0.991,"height":1009,"media_type":"image","src":"https:\/\/cdn.shopify.com\/s\/files\/1\/0227\/4721\/7956\/products\/prod_rnd_cloramx.png?v=1572016735","width":1000}],"content":"\u003cdiv id=\"content-info\" class=\"tab-content\"\u003e\n\u003ch1 class=\"rnd-sm-prod-image02\"\u003eAmmonia and Chlorine Neutralizer\u003c\/h1\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X is a dry powder water conditioner that detoxifies and removes ammonia, chlorine and chloramines in both fresh and salt water.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"clear-right\"\u003eClorAm-X is manufactured by AquaScience Research Group (ARG). Reed Mariculture is a distributor of ARG products.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X should be used:\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003col\u003e\n\u003cli\u003ewhen conditioning new water for aquariums, tanks, ponds, and live-haul containers,\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eafter or during water additions,\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003ebefore adding new plants, invertebrates, fishes or amphibians to an existing aquarium, tank, or pond, and\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eto live-haul containers, during transportation of live fishes, amphibians, or aquatic invertebrates, to control and eliminate ammonia in the shipping water.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eto control ammonia in rotifer cultures.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ol\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eTo remove solid waste and detritus from rotifer cultures, use\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003ca href=\"https:\/\/reefnutrition.com\/product_rotifer_floss.php\"\u003erotifer floss\u003c\/a\u003e.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X is safer. You can over-dose 10x the recommended dosage amount safely\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X is the ONLY ammonia remover that has an\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eFDA letter of determination\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X is cheaper to use.\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X can be used in any water temperature above 32 degree's F (0 C)\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eClorAm-X has no smell and is colorless in solution\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eCan be combined with antibiotics and anesthetics\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eTested with fish, shrimp, shellfish, aquatic invertebrate\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003cli\u003eIncrease rotifer production by up to 40%\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eShip live animals without toxic ammonia problems for 72+ hours\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X is used around the world for bulk live transport of fish, shrimp, and shellfish. By reducing the amount of free ammonia in the water transportation times can be significantly longer without injury to the animals. ClorAm-X can be added to the media when shipping any type of live organism to reduce stress and increase survival rates. We add ClorAm-X to our\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003elive rotifer shipments\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eand have survival up to 14 days.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eBiofilter Replacement \/ Enhancement\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X can completely replace the biofilter in a 90% recirculating system. It can be used to enhance biofiltration in any system since it will not disrupt the natural biofilter.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eIncreased Productivity\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eAmmonia toxicity is one of the biggest challenges with intensive cultures such as rotifer production. Rotifers have a very high metabolism and produce a lot of waste which change into ammonia and can quickly reach toxic levels. We use ClorAm-X in our rotifer grow-out tanks and achieve up to a 40% increase in productivity.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eUse with Other Chemicals\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp class=\"indent1\"\u003eClorAm-X should not be added to water containing active therapeutic dosages of dyes such as methylene blue, acriflavine or malachite green. ClorAm-X will interfere with their performance. ClorAm-X in combination with these products will not result in toxic chemical by-products.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv id=\"footer\"\u003e\n\u003cdiv id=\"content-use\" class=\"tab-content\"\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eDirections\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eFor 1 ppm (1mg\/L) total ammonia, add 31 mg of ClorAm-X per liter or 120.7 mg of ClorAm-X per gallon.\u003cbr\u003eEnter values in the table below to calculate the amount of ClorAm-X to use for specific volumes of water.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eFish Food Use\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X may be used on fishes intended for human consumption. The United States Food \u0026amp; Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that the use of the chemical that constitutes ClorAm-X (sodium hydroxymethanesulfonate) in water with fishes, intended for human consumption, does not come under FDA jurisdiction.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClick here for a pdf of the FDA's  \"letter of determination\"\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eUse with Shellfish\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eAs with fishes intended for human consumption, ClorAm-X may be used on shellfish intended for human consumption. In the\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eFDA's \"letter of determination\", the agency states  that the use of the chemical that constitutes ClorAm-X, in water with aquatic invertebrates (e.g. lobsters, shrimp, crabs, clams, oysters) intended for human consumption, does not come under FDA jurisdiction. Our double blind toxicology studies were conducted on\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eHomarus americanus\u003c\/em\u003e, American lobsters, by Dr. Paul Cheung of the Osborne Marine Institute (Brooklyn, NY) and by Leberco Laboratories (NJ). The results of these studies were a part of the materials submitted to the FDA when we requested a determination of the product's legal status with regard to its use on aquatic animals intended for human consumption. For a copy of the FDA's  \"letter of determination\" please write or fax us.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eMARINE INVERTEBRATES:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eDuring the development of ClorAm-X, successful shipping tests were conducted with a wide variety of marine invertebrates: shrimp (e.g. penaeids and\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eStenopus hispidus\u003c\/em\u003e),\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eOctopus bimaculoides\u003c\/em\u003e, American lobster,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eTurbo\u003c\/em\u003e  and\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eConus\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003esnails,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eAplysia\u003c\/em\u003e, various squid species, tropical and cold-water sea stars and sea cucumbers,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eMetridium\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eand\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eCondylactis\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eanemones, and hermatypic corals (e.g.\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eTrachyphyllia geoffroyi\u003c\/em\u003e). Additionally, over the years that ClorAm-X has been on the market, it has been used commercially by soft-shell crab distributors to prevent ammonia accumulation during the period the crabs are held before and during their molting.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eFRESHWATER INVERTEBRATES:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClorAm-X has also been extensively tested with freshwater mollusks and crustaceans. These have included species of snails, shrimp and crayfish. The product is routinely used for ammonia control in the shipments of both freshwater and marine invertebrates intended for the aquarium and bait trades.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eLIVE FISH FOODS:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClorAm-X is routinely used in the packaging and shipping of live aquatic invertebrates sold as live fish feeds. Brine shrimp (\u003cem\u003eArtemia\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp. ), glassworms, bloodworms, blackworms,\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cem\u003eDaphnia\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003espp. , etc. , have been, and currently, are being held, shipped and packaged in water treated with ClorAm-X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eAcademic and Research Use\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is used extensively by researchers doing remote field research where the collection, holding and transportation of live fish and invertebrate specimens is both necessary and difficult. When  collected animals are held in water treated with ClorAm-X the effects of ammonia are eliminated. When used in shipping water the effects of ammonia and shipping stress are eliminated or mitigated. For shipping, the used of breathable bags greatly enhances the survivability (during and after shipping) of both fishes and invertebrates. For more information on the use of ClorAm-X on collecting expeditions please contact our scientific staff.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eContraindications\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is not a medication, chemotherapeutic agent nor an economic poison and is not indicated for the treatment or control of any specific or general disease condition in aquarium organisms nor for the control of any pests.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eIf used to remove large concentrations of ammonia (\u0026gt;1.0 mg\/L as Nh2) in water with little (\u0026lt;50 mg\/L as CaCO3) or no alkalinity the pH should be monitored. If the pH declines (by more than 0.3 units) simply add sufficient sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) to boost both the pH and the alkalinity.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eStability\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is stable for an indefinite period if kept in its original container. ClorAm-X should be kept dry, but if the powder forms lumps from having been exposed to humid air, the lumps can be pulverized, as necessary, and the product can be used as before. Do not return unused portions to the original container; do not introduce any water or other chemicals into the container.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eCompatiblities\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH OTHER WATER ADDITIVES:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eClorAm-X is compatible with most other water conditioners. It is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents such as potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and its solutions. Due to its ability to reduce certain dyes ClorAm-X should not be used with treatments containing malachite green or methylene blue or related dyes. ClorAm-X is compatible with most antibiotics. ClorAm-X can be added directly to recirculating systems with active biological filtration; it will not interfere with, nor short-circuit, the nitrification process.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH TEST KITS:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eWater treated with ClorAm-X will give false (high), off-scale readings with ammonia test kits that use Nessler's reagents. Water treated with ClorAm-X is compatible with most salicylate and phenol\/hypochlorite test kits. Contact AquaScience if there is a question about ammonia test kit compatibilities.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWater treated with ClorAm-X is compatible with all known nitrite and low-range nitrate test kits.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eWater treated with ClorAm-X is incompatible with Winkler and modified Winkler dissolved oxygen (DO) test kits. These kits will give false, low, or zero, readings. However, water treated with ClorAm-X is compatible with indigo\/carmine dissolved oxygen test kits and with dissolved oxygen meters.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH COLORIMETERS:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eRefer to the information above about test kit reagent compatibility. AquaScience has valuable information about ammonia testing using colorimeters and methods which require the use of a blank determination; please contact us for details.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eWITH ELECTRONIC METERS AND ISE'S:\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003eWhen testing treated water with an ammonia ion-specific electrode (ISE) and electronic meter omit the step where 10\u003cem\u003eN\u003c\/em\u003e\u003cspan\u003e \u003c\/span\u003esodium hydroxide solution is added. Instead, dilute the electrode's picric acid filling solution with deionized water (to increase the electrode's sensitivity) at a ratio of 1 (filling solution) : 9 (deionized water), by volume, and measure the free ammonia directly. Refer to available charts to calculate the total ammonia from the free ammonia value determined and the known temperature, pH and salinity. Contact AquaScience for more information about how to do measurements with an ammonia ISE in water treated with ClorAm-X.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003eToxicites\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is not known to be toxic to any fishes, amphibians, aquatic invertebrates or aquatic plants.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eSolutions containing approximately 21% ClorAm-X have been shown to be nontoxic and nonirritating to humans. Acute mammalian toxicity tests were performed on rats and skin and eye irritation (Draize tests) were performed on rabbits. The tested solutions of ClorAm-X were found to be nontoxic at oral doses of 5,000 mg\/Kg or less.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eDouble blind toxicities studies were performed on American lobsters to determine if toxic metabolites accumulated in the edible tissues of the lobsters. No significant differences were found, in aqueous and ether extracts of the lobsters' edible tissue, between exposed and unexposed (control) animals.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003ch2\u003ePackaging\u003c\/h2\u003e\n\u003cdiv class=\"indent1\"\u003e\n\u003cp\u003eClorAm-X is packaged in two convenient sizes: 5 lb and 10 lb tubs.\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003cdiv id=\"footer\"\u003e\u003c\/div\u003e\n\u003c\/div\u003e"}

Reef Nutrition ClorAm-X®

Product Description
$11.99
Maximum quantity available reached.

Ammonia and Chlorine Neutralizer

ClorAm-X is a dry powder water conditioner that detoxifies and removes ammonia, chlorine and chloramines in both fresh and salt water.

ClorAm-X is manufactured by AquaScience Research Group (ARG). Reed Mariculture is a distributor of ARG products.

ClorAm-X should be used:

  1. when conditioning new water for aquariums, tanks, ponds, and live-haul containers,
  2. after or during water additions,
  3. before adding new plants, invertebrates, fishes or amphibians to an existing aquarium, tank, or pond, and
  4. to live-haul containers, during transportation of live fishes, amphibians, or aquatic invertebrates, to control and eliminate ammonia in the shipping water.
  5. to control ammonia in rotifer cultures.

To remove solid waste and detritus from rotifer cultures, use rotifer floss.

  • ClorAm-X is safer. You can over-dose 10x the recommended dosage amount safely
  • ClorAm-X is the ONLY ammonia remover that has an FDA letter of determination
  • ClorAm-X is cheaper to use.
  • ClorAm-X can be used in any water temperature above 32 degree's F (0 C)
  • ClorAm-X has no smell and is colorless in solution
  • Can be combined with antibiotics and anesthetics
  • Tested with fish, shrimp, shellfish, aquatic invertebrate
  • Increase rotifer production by up to 40%

Ship live animals without toxic ammonia problems for 72+ hours

ClorAm-X is used around the world for bulk live transport of fish, shrimp, and shellfish. By reducing the amount of free ammonia in the water transportation times can be significantly longer without injury to the animals. ClorAm-X can be added to the media when shipping any type of live organism to reduce stress and increase survival rates. We add ClorAm-X to our live rotifer shipments and have survival up to 14 days.

Biofilter Replacement / Enhancement

ClorAm-X can completely replace the biofilter in a 90% recirculating system. It can be used to enhance biofiltration in any system since it will not disrupt the natural biofilter.

Increased Productivity

Ammonia toxicity is one of the biggest challenges with intensive cultures such as rotifer production. Rotifers have a very high metabolism and produce a lot of waste which change into ammonia and can quickly reach toxic levels. We use ClorAm-X in our rotifer grow-out tanks and achieve up to a 40% increase in productivity.

Use with Other Chemicals

ClorAm-X should not be added to water containing active therapeutic dosages of dyes such as methylene blue, acriflavine or malachite green. ClorAm-X will interfere with their performance. ClorAm-X in combination with these products will not result in toxic chemical by-products.

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